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Louisiana Appellate Court Reverses Judge’s Award Increasing Amount of Damages for Injured Plaintiff When Jury’s Original Verdict was Supported by the Evidence

A personal injury lawsuit involves many issues, including that of liability, or legal responsibility.  Recently, the Louisiana Second Circuit addressed the issue of damages.  Specifically, in this case, the court reviewed whether the jury’s award of general damages and denial of future medical expenses was supported by the evidence.  In this case, the judge had granted the injured plaintiff’s motion for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict (JNOV) on the damages issue. McLawrence Fuller was an active 70-year-old man with pre-existing medical conditions, including congenital spinal stenosis and degenerative disc disease.  Following a three-car accident in DeSoto Parish, Louisiana, he suffered lower back, neck, and leg pain.  After years of conservative treatment, he underwent a lumbar fusion with instrumentation. A three-day trial ended in the jury awarding Mr. Fuller damages for $375,835.58.  Mr. Fuller filed a JNOV, seeking to increase his general damages award and an award for future medical costs.  The trial judge granted the JNOV and increased the general damages award from $155,000 to $1,200,000.  Both defendants and Mr. Fuller appealed.

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Appellate Court in Louisiana Holds Injured Employee Had Not Committed Fraud in Effort to Obtain Workers’ Compensation

In a recent opinion, the Louisiana Third Circuit addressed an employer’s contention that an employee committed fraud for the purpose of obtaining workers’ compensation benefits.  Louisiana law precludes an employee from recovering benefits when a false statement or misrepresentation has been made in order to receive benefits.  In this appeal, the court addressed the workers’ compensation judge’s finding that the employee was credible, as well as other proceedings before the court, in order to determine whether the judgment in favor of the employee had been manifest error. Margaret Gaines worked for Pinecrest Support and Services Center as a residential services specialist.  Pinecrest is a state institution that provides treatment for intellectually and developmentally disabled adults.  Ms. Gaines claimed that she suffered work-related injuries when administering to the needs of clients.  She asserted injuries to her shoulder and back. Months later, Ms. Gaines filed a disputed claim for compensation, penalties, and attorney fees on the ground that Pinecrest failed to pay her indemnity benefits.  Pinecrest answered, denying Ms. Gaines’ right to compensation and asserting an offset under Louisiana law if the workers’ compensation judge should rule in her favor.  Then, Pinecrest amended their answer to allege that Ms. Gaines committed fraud when she asked a coworker to lie about a second accident.

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Louisiana Court Upholds Judgment that Intoxication Caused Work-Related Injury and Employee Barred from Recovering Benefits

In a recent appeal, the Louisiana Third Circuit Court of Appeal reversed an award of medical benefits in a workers’ compensation case in which the employer argued that intoxication was the cause of an employee’s workplace accident.  Louisiana workers’ compensation law holds that an employee is barred from recovering benefits when intoxication caused the workplace injury. Timothy Schouest worked for Acadian Construction Services (“Acadian”) in the role of field working supervisor.  Mr. Schouest began a job on March 24, 2014 at ExPert Riser in Fourchon.  That evening, Mr. Schouest drank alcohol and smoked one marijuana joint.  On the next morning at 6:00 a.m., Mr. Schouest began constructing a paint booth along with Justin Bell, who was assisting him.  Mr. Bell left the job site after an argument, and Mr. Schouest continued construction himself. He was injured while installing a 30-pound panel.  While he was attempting to attach the panel to beams, it slid and severely cut his right hand. On appeal, the court addressed Mr. Schouest’s contention that he was not intoxicated at the time of his injury.   His two arguments were that his accident took place 12 hours after smoking a marijuana cigarette, and because he regularly smokes marijuana his drug test results were elevated.

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Louisiana Appellate Court Upholds Damages Award When Altercation Only Partially Contributed to Plaintiff’s Need for Surgery

Recently, the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeal addressed a damages award in a personal injury lawsuit following a fight outside a restaurant. The plaintiff, who underwent surgery following the incident, argued that the jury did not award him enough damages for his medical costs and lost wages from work. On appeal, the court noted that the jury had to assess whether a preexisting condition contributed to the plaintiff’s need for surgery, and whether the jury’s award was clearly wrong. Benjamin Baw, a Monroe, Louisiana Police Officer, and Norman Paulson began to fight in the parking lot of Trio’s Restaurant in Monroe, Louisiana. Mr. Baw was dating Mr. Paulson’s ex-girlfriend, and Mr. Paulson had called her a name and then hit her and knocked her into a vehicle in the parking lot. As Mr. Baw attempted to restrain Mr. Paulson, he was punched in the right eye. The Trio’s bartender broke up the fight, and Mr. Baw was treated for injuries sustained during the fight. Mr. Baw underwent surgery for his lumbar disc. Mr. Baw then brought a personal injury lawsuit against Mr. Paulson.

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