Louisiana Appeals Court Holds that Injured Employee is Barred from Bringing Lawsuit Due to Status as Statutory Employee

In a recent case before the Third Circuit Court of Appeal, the issue was whether the injured individual, directly employed by a subcontractor, was in fact an employee and barred from bringing a lawsuit against the company that employed his direct employer.  Garred and Megan Whotte filed a lawsuit against International Paper Company (IPCO) for Mr. Whotte’s injuries suffered in an industrial accident. After IPCO moved for summary judgment, the trial court granted the motion and held that IPCO was immune from a lawsuit in tort because Mr. Whotte was a statutory employee under the Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Act.


The incident at issue in this case involved repairs made to a recovery boiler used to capture paper by-products. IPCO conducts maintenance work on the boiler, and Mr. Whotte was an employee of an IPCO subcontractor hired to complete the maintenance work. While working near the boiler, he experienced a burning sensation in his feet, and he was transported to the emergency room for treatment of the resulting chemical burns on his feet and ankles.

Mr. Whotte and his wife sought damages and loss of consortium against IPCO. IPCO alleged that under the Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Act, it was immune from tort liability. A contract existed between Mr. Whotte’s direct employer and IPCO, identifying IPCO as Mr. Whotte’s statutory employer.

The trial court found that at the time of the accident, Mr. Whotte was a statutory employee of IPCO. The court dismissed the Whottes’ claims with prejudice.

On appeal, the Whottes alleged that the trial court erred in granting IPCO’s motion for summary judgment because the contract on which the company relied to establish IPCO as a statutory employer violated the Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Act.

The appellate court noted the exclusivity of the Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Act.   The court also stated that the reason for the legislative creation of the statutory employer doctrine included a compromise between employers and employees. In this case, for IPCO to be Mr. Whotte’s statutory employer, IPCO would be deemed the “principal,” and Mr. Whotte’s “immediate employer” would be the company that subcontracted with IPCO.

The court turned to the contractual relationship between IPCO and Mr. Whotte’s immediate employer.  The contracts specifically named IPCO as the statutory employer of employees working for Mr. Whotte’s immediate employer. They also stated that the work was “integral…and essential” to the ability of IPCO to generate its products and services.

The appellate court rejected Mr. Whotte’s contention that the contract violated the Workers’ Compensation Act. First, the court stated that IPCO was contractually obligated to pay the workers’ compensation premiums paid to Mr. Whotte by Turner. Second, under the terms of the agreement, IPCO and Mr. Whotte’s immediate employer were allowed to agree on an indemnification by which Turner would indemnify IPCO as the principal for compensation paid to Mr. Whotte.

To overcome the presumption that IPCO was Mr. Whotte’s statutory employer, the work must not be an integral part of or essential to the ability of the principal to generate their goods or services. In other words, to defeat IPCO’s summary judgment motion, Mr. Whotte would need to show that his work had no connection to IPCO’s business. Here, Mr. Whotte’s essential duties centered on the boiler, which fueled the IPCO plant.

In sum, there was no evidence presented in opposition to IPCO’s motion for summary judgment that would be sufficient to overcome the presumption that Mr. Whotte’s statutory employer was IPCO.

The appellate court affirmed the trial court’s judgment and dismissed the Whottes’ personal injury lawsuit against IPCO.

At Lavis Law, individuals injured in the course and scope of their employment can gain a better understanding of their rights under Louisiana workers’ compensation law. Contact our office for a free consultation at 866-855-9151.

More Blog Posts:

Louisiana Appeals Court Holds Employee Had Not Suffered Work-Related Accident, Louisiana Job Injury Law Blog, October 21, 2015

Louisiana Appeals Court Affirms that Plaintiff is Borrowed Employee Barred from Pursuing Tort Claim, Louisiana Job Injury Law Blog, August 14, 2015

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