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Louisiana Court Holds Surviving Spouse Not Entitled to Benefits Because Fatally Injured Worker Not in Course and Scope of Employment at Time of Injury

Recently, the Louisiana Third Circuit Court of Appeal analyzed a case involving the issue of whether an injured employee was in fact working in the course and scope of employment when he suffered a fatal electrocution.  The appellate court examined the evidence presented before the workers’ compensation judge and held that the circumstantial nature of the evidence did not support a finding that the employee’s surviving spouse was entitled to workers’ compensation benefits.

electric sparks

In the morning of July 8, 2010, Jimmie Granger was welding on lands owned by B&B Farms of Mamou, Inc.  Mr. Granger suffered a fatal electrocution while welding on a metal pole, discovered near his body.  Mr. Granger and Mitch Broussard operated a company, M&J Crawfish, which engaged in crawfish farming on certain lands, including the acreage that was owned by B&B Farms of Mamou, Inc. in this lawsuit.

Mary Granger, Jimmie’s surviving spouse, brought a workers’ compensation claim on behalf of their minor child and her against B&B Farms and its insurance company, Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Corporation (“LWCC”).  Resolving the workers’ compensation claim centered on whether Jimmie was performing work in the course and scope of his employment when he died, and the relationship between B&B Farms and M&J Crawfish.

Evidence before the workers’ compensation judge (WCJ) showed that Jimmie had been welding metal poles for duck houses he planned to place at his house.  Mary claimed that at the time of his death, Jimmie had been welding a canopy for a tractor that B&B Farms owned.  The workers’ compensation judge found that the evidence did not show that Jimmie had been working on the tractor at the time of his death.  Mary appealed the judgment.

The appellate court first stated that on review, the manifest error standard applies, and the findings of the WCJ will not be set aside unless they are clearly wrong in view of the whole record.  In this case, there was no direct evidence of what Jimmie had been working on, since he was alone. Mary contended that Jimmie had been working on a canopy of a wooden duck house for the owner of B&B Farms. Photographs showed metal poles in the area, and only circumstantial evidence could indicate what Jimmie had been working on at the time of his death.

First, the court acknowledged the tragic nature of this lawsuit. Testimony included statements that neither Mary nor the owner of B&B Farms knew what Jimmie had been working on at the time he suffered the fatal electrocution.  The court stated that the ECJ’s findings were reasonable, since there was only some circumstantial evidence that Jimmie had been working on a tractor canopy.

The court affirmed the judgment of the workers’ compensation judge, dismissing Mary Granger’s claims for benefits.

At Lavis Law, individuals injured in the course and scope of their employment can gain a better understanding of their rights under Louisiana workers’ compensation law. Contact our office for a free consultation at 866-855-9151.

More Blog Posts:

Louisiana Workers Compensation Benefits & the Affordable Care Act, Louisiana Injury Lawyer Blog

Louisiana Court of Appeal Holds Injured Independent Contractor did not Meet Burden of Proof for Workers’ Compensation Benefits under Manual Labor Exception, Louisiana Injury Lawyer Blog

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